`update`

a fitted `"hhh4"`

model`hhh4_update.Rd`

Re-fit a `"hhh4"`

model with a modified `control`

list.

```
# S3 method for hhh4
update(object, ..., S = NULL, subset.upper = NULL,
use.estimates = object$convergence, evaluate = TRUE)
```

- object
a fitted

`"hhh4"`

model. Non-convergent fits can be updated as well.- ...
components modifying the original control list for

`hhh4`

. Modifications are performed by`modifyList(object$control, list(...))`

.- S
a named list of numeric vectors serving as argument for

`addSeason2formula`

, or`NULL`

(meaning no modification of seasonal terms). This argument provides a convenient way of changing the number of harmonics in the`f`

ormulae of the model components`"ar"`

,`"ne"`

and`"end"`

(to be used as names of the list). Non-specified components are not touched. Updating the`i`

'th component's`f`

ormula works by first dropping all sine and cosine terms and then applying`addSeason2formula`

with arguments`S = S[[i]]`

and`period = object$stsObj@freq`

. Note that this step of updating seasonality is processed after modification of the`control`

list by the`...`

arguments.- subset.upper
if a scalar value, refit the model to the data up to the time index given by

`subset.upper`

. The lower time index remains unchanged, i.e.,`control$subset[1]:subset.upper`

is used as the new`subset`

. This argument is used by`oneStepAhead`

.- use.estimates
logical specifying if

`coef(object)`

should be used as starting values for the new fit (which is the new default since surveillance 1.8-2, in case the original fit has converged). This works by matching names against the coefficients of the new model. Extra coefficients no longer in the model are silently ignored. Setting`use.estimates = FALSE`

means to re-use the previous start specification`object$control$start`

.

Note that coefficients can also receive initial values from an extra`start`

argument in the update call (as in`hhh4`

), which then takes precedence over`coef(object)`

.- evaluate
logical indicating if the updated model should be fitted directly (defaults to

`TRUE`

). Otherwise, the updated`control`

list is returned.

If `evaluate = TRUE`

the re-fitted object, otherwise the updated
`control`

list for `hhh4`

.

Sebastian Meyer

```
data("salmonella.agona")
## convert to sts class
salmonella <- disProg2sts(salmonella.agona)
## fit a basic model
fit0 <- hhh4(salmonella,
list(ar = list(f = ~1), end = list(f = addSeason2formula(~t))))
## update: Poisson -> NegBin1, component seasonality
fit1 <- update(fit0, family = "NegBin1", S = list(end=2, ar=2))
## compare fits
AIC(fit0, fit1)
opar <- par(mfrow=c(2,2))
plot(fit0, type="fitted", names="fit0", par.settings=NULL)
plot(fit1, type="fitted", names="fit1", par.settings=NULL)
plot(fit0, fit1, type="season", components=c("end", "ar"), par.settings=NULL)
par(opar)
```